Loft conversion – floor joist regulations
When it comes to loft conversions, floor joists are an important part of the process. They provide structural support for the new flooring, so it’s essential to follow specific regulations when installing them. In this article, we’ll discuss the regulations governing floor joists, so you can be sure your conversion is done safely and in accordance with the law.
Do you need new joists for a loft conversion?
Yes, you need to install new floor joists when you convert your loft. The existing ceiling joists are only designed to support a certain weight.
When converting a loft space, there will be a great amount of extra weight from the floor, carpets, walls, furniture, etc.
So the existing timber beams won’t be strong enough to support it so it’s important to put in new ones that are up to the job.
There will probably also need to be steel beams installed to help with the extra weight.
Can I reinforce the existing joists for my loft conversion?
You can reinforce some of the existing joists, to help to deal with the extra weight. But ultimately, you will need to follow the instructions from the structural engineer.
What size floor joists do I need for a loft conversion?
In general, you should use joists that are around 145mm x 47mm, but you may need to go up to 125mm x 75mm if the conversion is particularly heavy. Make sure you consult a professional engineer to get specific advice for your project.
Floor joists need to be strong enough to support the weight of the new floor, so it’s important to use the right size.
This is not something that you should worry about though as the structural engineer will give detailed calculations and measurements to follow.
Loft conversion floor joist regulations
There are some basic rules to follow to ensure the floor is passed by building regulations
The maximum length allowed varies depending on the width of the joist.
- If the joists are 145 x 47mm the max length is 2.89m
- for 170 x 47mm floor joists the max is 3.38m
- for 195 x 47mm floor joists the max length is 3.87m
- For 145 x 72mm floor joists the max length is 3.33m
- for 170 x 72mm floor joists the max length is 3.89m
- for 195 x 72mm floor joists the max length is 4.44m
How to calculate the size of floor joists will I need for my loft conversion?
To calculate the size of floor joists you will need for your loft conversion, you will need to consult a professional engineer. They will be able to give you specific measurements and calculations based on your individual project.
In general, you should use joists that are around 145mm x 47mm, but you may need to go up to 195mm x 72mm if the conversion is particularly heavy. Make sure you consult a professional structural engineer to get specific advice for your project.
Do the new floor joists need to be fire-resistant?
Yes, all the structural elements in the loft must be 30-minute fire rated to meet building regulations.
Who will check the floor joists in loft conversions?
The building control body will send a local building inspector who will check the floor joists and floor joints in the loft conversion to ensure that they meet the required standards.
The inspector will also check the rest of the conversion to make sure it complies with the building regulations.
If there are any issues, the inspector will notify the homeowner and provide additional support to suggest necessary corrections.
It is very important to adhere to all the building regulations and requirements so the loft conversion can be declared a new living space.
When converting a loft, it’s important to follow the specific regulations governing floor joists. In this article, we’ve discussed the size and type of floor joists you need for a safe and compliant conversion. We’ve also provided some tips on reinforcing existing joists, in case they’re not quite up to the task. So don’t worry – installing new floor joists is a crucial part of any loft conversion, and our guide will make sure you do it right!